This rye and spelt bread is an easy beginner sourdough loaf. If you don’t have a sourdough starter, it’s very easy to make one. All you need is flour, water and a little patience. Get started here with your own rye sourdough starter.
If you have never baked your own bread and the words “yeast” and sourdough” might scare you. At least I’ve been there. My first loaves were barely edible. I over-proofed them, used way too much yeast or dead starters, I baked my bread into bricks. For some people bread baking is an easy task from the start. But for others it takes some time to get the hang of it.
It takes a while to find out how long to knead the dough until the gluten is properly developed, to tell “proofed” from “overproofed” and when exactly to take the bread out of the oven can be another miracle. But believe me, you will get there. Just be a little patient.
Sourdough bread is my favourite because to me it tastes better than homemade yeast bread. And it keeps fresh much longer. Another benefit is that leavened bread helps to absorb some nutrients better than unleavened bread. Plus, if you use whole rye flour working with yeast just won’t cut it.
Some notes about this Sourdough Rye and Spelt Bread:
- This bread calls for 50% whole rye flour. Rye flour acts very differently from wheat flour when it comes to baking. The gluten will never develop much and the dough will be rather sticky. Don’t worry about that, your bread will still come out fine. The recipe also calls for whole spelt flour. Spelt flour is a flour diva, if you ask me. Some people need a lot of water for their spelt baked goods. Otherwise their loaves will come out very dry. Others don’t need that much water. This bread calls for a very large amount of water not only because I am using spelt flour, but also because it will improve the crumb and moisture of this loaf.
- The consistency of the dough will be more like a very thick cake batter.
- If you bake bread, you can never really predict what adjustments to expects. The flour quality (e.g. its starch and protein content, its ability to absorb water ) can be very different even from bag to bag. (And from country to country. Read more about this topic on my article on German flours.) But in this case it shouldn’t be much of a problem unless your dough turns out like a muffin batter. (I know this is probably not very helpful.)
Wholesome Rye and Spelt Bread
- 250 g whole rye flour (2 cups)
- 1 tbsp active sourdough starter
- 300 ml water (1 1/4 cups)
- 250 g whole spelt flour (2 cups)
- 10 g salt
- 1½ tsp caraway seeds (or to taste)
- 100 ml water (6 tbsp)
- The day before, in a bowl, stir together ingredients for the starter. This is called refreshing the starter.
- Cover your bowl with a plate or plastic wrap and let sit at room temperature for 12-16 hours. (The dough likes it warm. Temperature should be above 20°C) Your dough should look bubbly and have doubled in size. It should also smell sour.
- The next day add remaining ingredients for the bread dough.
- Knead the dough for one minute. It will be rather sticky (especially because of the rye flour) and rather soft. Cover and let rest for 10 minutes. This will help to absorb the water properly and develop the gluten. Knead again for one minute. You will probably note that the consistency has changed and that the dough feels a little bit firmer. But it still will be rather soft.
- Line a loaf pan with parchment paper. (Sourdough can be a little hard on your pans. That’s why you shouldn’t grease the pan but use some parchment instead.) Transfer the dough to the pan. Use wet hands and slightly press to shape it a bit. Cover with a damp kitchen towel. Preheat the oven to 220°C (425°F). Let the dough rise until doubled in size. This will take 1-2 hours depending of your starter, the room temperature, etc.
- Bake for ten minutes. Lower the temperature to 200°C (400°F). Bake for 30 more minutes or until a toothpick inserted comes out clean. (Even better if have a meat thermometer – it will finally be useful – you can insert into the loaf. The temperature should be 93°C (200°F).
- Let the loaf cool completely before slicing. You can also wait a whole day to cut this bread, this will improve the flavour.